Skip to content

Learn all about the Miniature Dachshund on our concise dog breed information guide. We cover everything from the history of this short and adorable breed of dog, as well as all you need to know about their health and care.

If you are fascinated by the charming and captivating Miniature Dachshund, then you have come to the right place. Our comprehensive dog breed information guide is designed to provide you with a wealth of knowledge about this delightful breed. From their intriguing history to their unique characteristics, we aim to cover every aspect of the Miniature Dachshund.

Moving on to their physical attributes, Miniature Dachshunds are renowned for their elongated bodies, short legs, and expressive eyes. With a variety of coat types including smooth, wirehaired, and longhaired, these dogs come in a range of colors and patterns, adding to their undeniable appeal.

Aside from their charming appearance, it is essential to understand the health and care requirements of the Miniature Dachshund. As responsible pet owners, it is crucial to be aware of potential health issues that this breed may face. Due to their unique body structure, Miniature Dachshunds are prone to back problems, including intervertebral disc disease. Regular exercise and maintaining a healthy weight are vital to minimize the risk of such issues.

Furthermore, we provide valuable insight into the proper care and maintenance of Miniature Dachshunds. From grooming tips tailored to each coat type to dietary recommendations for optimal health, we aim to equip you with the necessary knowledge to ensure your Miniature Dachshund leads a happy and fulfilling life.

Miniature Dachshund Dog Breed Information Guide

The Miniature Dachshund is a small but mighty dog breed that is known for its distinctive long body, short legs, and expressive eyes. This breed originated in Germany and was originally bred for hunting badgers, hence their name \”Dachshund\” which translates to \”badger dog\” in German.

Despite their small size, Miniature Dachshunds are incredibly courageous and tenacious. They are often described as being playful, affectionate, and loyal, making them wonderful companions for families and individuals alike. They have a strong prey drive and may exhibit a stubborn streak, so early and consistent training is essential to ensure they become well-behaved family pets.

Miniature Dachshunds come in a variety of coat types including smooth, wirehaired, and longhaired, each with its own unique charm. Their small size makes them suitable for apartment living, but they do require regular exercise to keep them healthy and happy. Overall, the Miniature Dachshund is a delightful breed that brings joy and laughter to any household lucky enough to have one.

Miniature Dachshund History


First and foremost, let\’s delve into the intriguing history of these short-legged and adorable dogs. Originating from Germany, the Miniature Dachshund has a rich lineage tracing back to the 15th century. Originally bred for hunting badgers, these courageous canines possess an incredible sense of determination and an innate ability to track scents with their highly developed noses.

Dachshunds are an ancient breed, although the modern versions are dogs of German origin. They were prized by royal courts throughout Europe for their ability to hunt, chase and flush badger and other burrowing animals. These small, fearless dogs have been known to take on larger animals, like foxes, as well.


Miniature Dachshund Appearance

\"dachshungLong-bodied and low to the ground, Miniature Dachshunds are muscular little dogs with a protruding sternum. The head is elongated with a slightly convex skull, arched eyebrows and a long muzzle. Long, floppy ears hang to the cheeks.

Dachshunds come in three sizes, and AKC standards separate the breed into two class divisions for show. Standard Dachshunds weigh over eleven pounds, and may weigh 28 to 30 pounds.

Dachshunds who weigh less than eleven pounds at twelve months of age are considered miniature. Smaller versions are not recognized by the AKC but are unofficially called toy, dwarf, tweenie, micro-mini, or teacup. Life expectancy is 12 to 15 years.

The coat may be smooth, long haired, or wiry. The wiry coat is less common. Colors and patterns are various, but dominant colors are red, black, and tan. The coat may be solid, bi-colored, brindle, dapple, or piebald.

Double dapple results from breeding two dapple-coated Miniature Dachshunds, but is discouraged because the variety may possibly carry defective genetic traits for blindness and deafness.

Miniature Dachshund Temperament

The Miniature Dachshund is known for its friendly and playful temperament. Despite its small size, this breed is bold and confident, always ready for adventure. They are extremely affectionate and love to be around their owners, often seeking attention and cuddles.

Miniature Dachshunds are also known to be stubborn at times, which can make training a bit challenging. However, with consistent and patient training, they can learn to follow commands. They are generally good with children and other pets, but early socialization is important to ensure they grow up to be well-rounded and sociable dogs.

Overall, the Miniature Dachshund is a lively and loving companion with a big personality packed into their small frame.


Miniature Dachshunds were bred to be obstinate and to make their own decisions, two qualities that are admirable when hunting yet undesirable in a companion animal. This breed can be hard to train, but with patient and consistent training the Dachshund can be a well-behaved family companion. Dachshunds who are overindulged and treated like people or toys become snappy and unpleasant, and will try to run the family.

Long-haired Miniature Dachshunds are considered by some fanciers to have calmer personalities, while the wire-haired variety is more clownish. However, the temperament varies a great deal within the breed, and the appearance of the coat is no guarantee of the dog\’s temperament.

Choosing a Dachshund puppy whose parents have even temperaments, and proper socialization and training, are the keys to raising a well behaved and friendly pet who is welcome anywhere.

Exercise Needs of Miniature Dachshunds

Miniature Dachshunds, like any other dog breed, have specific exercise needs that should be met to ensure their overall health and well-being. Despite their small size, these little dogs are active and energetic, so regular exercise is essential for them.

They have a natural instinct for hunting, as they were originally bred for that purpose, so activities that engage their hunting skills are highly recommended. Daily walks, playtime in a secure yard or park, and interactive games such as fetch or hide-and-seek can help meet their exercise requirements.

However, it is important to note that excessive exercise or activities that put excessive strain on their long back can lead to back problems, which is a common issue for this breed. Therefore, it is crucial to strike a balance between providing adequate exercise and being mindful of their delicate body structure.

Miniature Dachshund Grooming Needs

Miniature Dachshunds have specific grooming needs that require attention and care. Due to their short, smooth coats, they do not require extensive grooming like some other dog breeds.

However, regular brushing is essential to keep their coat clean and free from any mats or tangles. Additionally, they may need their nails trimmed regularly to prevent them from becoming too long and causing discomfort.

Another important aspect of their grooming routine is dental care, as Dachshunds are prone to dental issues. Regular teeth brushing and dental check-ups are necessary to maintain their oral hygiene. Lastly, it is crucial to regularly clean their ears to prevent any infections. Overall, with proper grooming and care, Miniature Dachshunds can stay healthy and look their best.

Smooth-haired Dachshunds require little grooming, and may be rubbed with a damp cloth to remove dirt and loose hair. Long- haired varieties require daily brushing, and wire-coated Dachshunds require professional trimming twice a year. Attention to grooming will reduce the amount of hair this average shedder leaves in the house.

Training Your Miniature Dachshund

Training your Miniature Dachshund is an essential aspect of owning this adorable and intelligent breed. These small yet determined dogs have a strong personality and can be quite stubborn at times, so early and consistent training is crucial.
Miniature dachshunds are known for their hunting instincts and can be prone to chasing and digging, making it important to teach them proper behavior from a young age. Positive reinforcement methods work best with these dogs, as they respond well to praise and treats.

Miniature Dachshund Training Should Include:

1. Basic obedience training: Teach your miniature dachshund basic commands such as sit, stay, come, and down. This will help establish boundaries and make them easier to manage in various situations.

2. House training: Miniature dachshunds can be stubborn when it comes to house training, so develop a consistent routine and use positive reinforcement to encourage them to go outside to do their business.

3. Socialization: Expose your miniature dachshund to different people, animals, and environments from a young age. This will help them become well-adjusted and less anxious or aggressive in new situations.

4. Leash training: Teach your dachshund to walk politely on a leash, as they have a natural tendency to pull. Use positive reinforcement and reward-based methods to encourage leash manners.

5. Crate training: Introduce your miniature dachshund to a crate and make it a positive and comfortable space for them. This can help with house training and provide them with a safe place to retreat when needed.

6. Trick training: Dachshunds are intelligent and eager to please, so teaching them tricks like roll over, play dead, or give paw can be a fun and mentally stimulating activity for both of you.

7. Agility training: Miniature dachshunds have a lot of energy and love to run and explore. Consider setting up an agility course in your backyard or attending classes to train them in this exciting sport.

8. Recall training: Teach your dachshund a reliable recall command, so they come back to you when called, even in distracting situations. This is crucial for their safety and allows them more freedom during off-leash activities.

9. Scent training: Dachshunds have a strong sense of smell, so engage their natural instincts by training them to track scents or find hidden objects. This can be a fun and challenging activity that taps into their hunting abilities.

10. Behavioral training: Address any specific behavioral issues your miniature dachshund may have, such as excessive barking, separation anxiety, or resource guarding. Seek professional help if necessary to ensure a well-rounded and happy dog.

Patience, consistency, and firmness are key when training a miniature dachshund, as they can be easily distracted or lose interest. With proper training, your Miniature Dachshund can become a well-behaved and loyal companion, ready to impress with their intelligence and charm.

Miniature Dachshund Health Concerns

Miniature Dachshunds, like any other breed, have certain health concerns that owners should be aware of. One common issue is intervertebral disc disease, which occurs when the discs in the spine deteriorate and put pressure on the spinal cord. This can cause pain, mobility issues, and even paralysis.

Another concern is obesity, as Dachshunds are prone to weight gain. Extra weight puts strain on their short legs and can lead to joint problems and back issues. Additionally, they are more prone to dental problems such as tooth decay and gum disease, so regular dental care is essential.

Lastly, Dachshunds are also predisposed to certain genetic conditions, including progressive retinal atrophy, which can cause blindness, and hip dysplasia, a condition that affects the hip joints.

Health Concerns in the Miniature Dachshund Dog Breed:

1. Obesity: Miniature Dachshunds are prone to obesity, which can lead to various health issues such as joint problems, diabetes, and heart disease. Educating owners about proper portion control, exercise, and maintaining a healthy weight for their dogs is crucial.

2. Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD): This breed is particularly susceptible to IVDD, a condition where the discs in the spine become herniated or ruptured. Providing information on preventive measures, such as avoiding jumping or excessive physical activity, and early signs to watch out for could help minimize the impact of this disease.

3. Dental problems: Miniature Dachshunds often suffer from dental issues like gum disease, tooth decay, and tooth loss. Raising awareness about regular dental care, including brushing their teeth, providing dental treats, and scheduling professional cleanings, can help maintain their oral health.

4. Eye problems: The breed is prone to various eye conditions, such as cataracts, progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), and glaucoma. Educating owners about regular eye examinations, identifying early signs of these conditions, and seeking prompt veterinary care can help preserve their vision.

5. Allergies: Miniature Dachshunds may develop allergies to certain foods, environmental factors, or even flea bites. Providing information on common allergens, symptoms to look out for, and strategies for managing allergies (e.g., hypoallergenic diets, regular flea prevention) can improve their quality of life.

6. Patellar Luxation: This breed can experience patellar luxation, where the kneecap slips out of place. Raising awareness about this condition, advising owners to avoid excessive jumping or running on hard surfaces, and discussing surgical options if necessary can help prevent or address this issue.

7. Back and spinal problems: Due to their long bodies and short legs, Miniature Dachshunds are prone to back and spinal problems, including herniated discs and paralysis. Educating owners about proper handling techniques, avoiding activities that strain the back, and recognizing signs of back pain can help prevent serious spinal issues.

8. Ear infections: The breed\’s long, floppy ears can trap moisture and debris, leading to ear infections. Promoting regular ear cleaning, proper drying after baths or swimming, and awareness of common signs of infection (e.g., scratching, odor) can help prevent and manage this problem.

9. Hypothyroidism: Miniature Dachshunds are prone to hypothyroidism, a condition where the thyroid gland doesn\’t produce enough hormones. Providing information on the symptoms (e.g., weight gain, hair loss, lethargy) and the importance of regular thyroid screenings can aid in early detection and treatment.

10. Heart disease: Some Miniature Dachshunds may be predisposed to heart conditions, such as mitral valve disease or dilated cardiomyopathy. Educating owners about heart-healthy diets, regular check-ups, and recognizing signs of heart disease (e.g., coughing, difficulty breathing) can help manage or prevent these conditions.

Early detection and proper care can help manage these health concerns and ensure a long and healthy life for Miniature Dachshunds.

Is the Miniature Dachshund the Right Breed of Small Dog for You?

The Miniature Dachshund is a delightful breed of small dog that may be the perfect companion for certain individuals or families. With their distinctive long bodies and short legs, these dogs possess a unique charm that many find endearing.

Known for their playful and affectionate nature, Miniature Dachshunds can bring immense joy and happiness into a household. However, it is important to consider certain factors before deciding if this breed is the right fit for you. These dogs have a strong hunting instinct and may exhibit stubborn behavior, so they require consistent training and mental stimulation.

Additionally, their long spines make them prone to back problems, thus needing proper care and monitoring. If you are willing to invest time, effort, and patience into training and caring for a Miniature Dachshund, then this breed can make a wonderful addition to your family.


A well-socialized Miniature Dachshund is good with kids, but may not be the best choice for families with very small children who may play too roughly with the dog, fall on him, or try to pick him up. Older children should be taught to pick the dog up carefully, supporting his back, to avoid injuring his spine.

Miniature Dachshunds adapt to a variety of living conditions. Because of their small size, they are popular companion dogs for apartment and city dwellers, but being cooped up inside too long will lead to inventive destruction. They need at least one long daily walk, and will enjoy playing in the park or other open areas.

 Online Information Resources for Further Information about the Miniature Dachshund Dog Breed

American Kennel Club (AKC) website: The AKC is a reputable organization that provides detailed information about various dog breeds, including the Miniature Dachshund. Their website offers breed standards, health information, and tips for potential owners.

Dachshund Club of America (DCA) website: The DCA is a breed-specific club dedicated to promoting and preserving the Dachshund breed. Their website contains valuable resources, such as breed history, health concerns, and responsible breeding practices.

Miniature Dachshund Club (UK) website: If you\’re looking for information specific to the Miniature Dachshund in the United Kingdom, this club\’s website is a great resource. It provides breed standards, show schedules, and educational materials.

– Veterinary websites: Websites like WebMD for Pets, VCA Animal Hospitals, or the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) offer comprehensive information about various dog breeds, including the Miniature Dachshund. These sites provide health and care tips, as well as general breed characteristics.

– Online forums and communities: Joining online forums or communities dedicated to Dachshunds or dog breeds, in general, can provide valuable insights from experienced Miniature Dachshund owners. Websites like Reddit\’s r/dachshund, the Dachshund Forum, or the Dachshund Talk forum are great places to connect with fellow enthusiasts and learn from their experiences.

– Breed-specific books: There are numerous books available that focus specifically on the Miniature Dachshund breed. Some popular titles include \”The Miniature Dachshund: An Owner\’s Guide to a Happy Healthy Pet\” by Jerold S. Bell, \”The Complete Idiot\’s Guide to Dachshunds\” by Liz Palika, and \”The Everything Dachshund Book: A Complete Guide to Raising, Training, and Caring for Your Dachshund\” by Joan Hustace Walker. These books provide in-depth information about the breed\’s history, characteristics, and care requirements.


In conclusion, our concise dog breed information guide offers a comprehensive overview of the Miniature Dachshund. Whether you are captivated by their fascinating history, intrigued by their unique physical attributes, or concerned about their health and care, we have you covered. Expand your understanding of this delightful breed and embark on a journey of discovery with Miniature Dachshunds.

Back To Top