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The Pomeranian, also fondly called the “Pom,” is a breed renowned for its vivacious personality and stunning fluffy coat. These tiny powerhouses are descendants of larger sled-pulling dogs and have adapted to become beloved companions due to their spirited and affectionate demeanor. Pomeranians are perfect for those who desire a small dog with a big personality that thrives in various living situations, including apartments.

Breed Facts

  • Country of Origin: Germany
  • Breed Group: Toy
  • Height: 6-7 inches
  • Weight: 3-7 pounds
  • Lifespan: 12-16 years
  • Average Price: $500-$5,000, significantly varying based on pedigree
  • Hypoallergenic: No
  • Shedding: Moderate to high
  • Good with Kids: Better with older children due to their small size and delicate nature

Pomeranian History

The Pomeranian was originally bred in the Pomerania region of central Europe (now part of Germany and Poland) as a downsized version of the powerful sled and herding dogs of the Arctic. Queen Victoria of England played a significant role in popularizing the breed in the 19th century when she adopted a small Pom from Italy. She loved the breed so much that she allowed her favorites to be shown in a conformation show, setting a trend that dramatically increased their popularity across Europe and the Americas.

Pomeranian Personality

Pomeranians are known for their outgoing and sometimes bossy personality. They are lively and curious about the world around them, which keeps them perpetually at the center of things. Despite their small size, they have a bold and confident demeanor and are always up for playtime or cuddles. They can be somewhat wary of strangers, making them excellent watchdogs.


Pomeranians boast a fox-like face with bright, alert eyes and a distinctive plumed tail that fans out over their back. Their double coat is perhaps their most striking feature, dense and fluffy, coming in a variety of colors such as orange, black, white, blue, and tan. Regular grooming is essential to maintain their glamorous appearance.

Pomeranian Health Concerns

Pomeranians are generally a healthy breed but are prone to certain genetic conditions:

  • Dental issues: Due to their small mouths, dental overcrowding can lead to decay unless proper dental care is maintained.
  • Luxating patella: A common issue where the kneecap slips out of place.
  • Tracheal collapse: A condition commonly seen in small breeds, which can cause respiratory issues.
  • Alopecia X: A skin condition that affects the growth of their coat.

Routine veterinary care and regular check-ups can help manage and prevent these issues.

Exercise Needs

Despite their small size, Pomeranians have a moderate to high energy level. They require regular short walks and play sessions to stay healthy and happy. Their size makes them ideal for indoor play, but they also enjoy exploring outdoors.

Training and Behavior

Pomeranians are intelligent and relatively easy to train but can have a stubborn streak. Consistency and positive reinforcement are key during training. Early socialization is important to curb their tendency to be overly suspicious of strangers and to ensure they grow into well-rounded pets.

Grooming Needs

Their luxurious double coat requires regular brushing several times a week to prevent matting and control shedding. They also benefit from regular professional grooming every 4 to 6 weeks. Care should be taken with bathing, as their skin can be sensitive.

Care Needs

Pomeranians are well-suited to living in small spaces such as apartments but do not tolerate being alone for long periods. They thrive on interaction with their owners and can develop separation anxiety if neglected. Their small size also makes them susceptible to injury from rough play, so careful supervision is necessary when they are around young children or larger animals.

5 Frequently Asked Questions

  1. Are Pomeranians good with other pets?
    • They can be, especially if raised together, but care should be taken due to their small size and bold temperament.
  2. Can Pomeranians be left alone?
    • Pomeranians prefer company and may develop separation anxiety if left alone frequently or for extended periods.
  3. How much exercise does a Pomeranian need?
    • They require moderate exercise; short walks and active play sessions are sufficient.
  4. Do Pomeranians bark a lot?
    • Yes, they can be quite vocal, which makes them good watchdogs but can be a challenge for some owners.
  5. How long do Pomeranians live?
    • They typically live between 12 to 16 years, sometimes longer with good care.

Is This the Right Breed for You?

If you’re looking for a small breed with a lively personality and a striking appearance, and you have the time to commit to their grooming and companionship needs, a Pomeranian could be a great addition to your family. Their loyalty and affection make them excellent companions, though their need for attention and susceptibility to certain health issues should be carefully considered.

Further Reading

  • American Kennel Club: Pomeranian
    • This resource offers comprehensive information about the breed’s standards, care tips, and more.
  • Pomeranian Club of America
    • Here you can find detailed advice on breed care, health issues, and rescue organizations.
  • The Spruce Pets
    • A general resource for pet owners offering tips on grooming, health care, and daily care for various breeds, including the Pomeranian.

Thank you for considering our breed profiles as you explore the possibility of adding a Pomeranian to your home. Check out other breed profiles on our Small Dog Breeds A to Z home page for more insights into different breeds!

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